Cancer, or “disease of the century,” is a very dreaded affection. This malignant tumor is affecting more and more people around the world and is killing thousands every year. Although it does not show any distinct symptoms, it is possible to observe signs that may reveal the presence of cancer cells in the body. Here are 10 signs to be aware of!
According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. In 2012, 8.2 million people died because of this disease.
The risk factors for cancer vary greatly for each type of cancer. In general, poor nutrition, sedentary lifestyles, and smoking remain the main causes of this malignant tumor worldwide.
Cancer can affect different parts of the body, but some types of cancer are more common than others. Still according to WHO data, the most common cancers in 2012 are:
In men: cancer of the lungs, colon, rectum, prostate, liver and stomach.
In women: cancer of the breast, cervix, stomach, colon and rectum.
The different types of cancer very rarely show symptoms. Nevertheless, some signs can alert and lead to an early diagnosis.
Here are 10 alarming cancer signs to know:
1-Cysts or ganglia:
Cysts or glands may appear on the breasts, throat, belly or armpits, and may be related to different types of cancer. It is therefore very important to self-examine regularly to note the changes that occur in your body. If you notice an increase in the size of these ganglia, you will have to see a specialist.
The body considers cancer as a bacterium. In this case, the immune system will try to defend the body, thanks to the white blood cells whose main role is to protect the body against bacteria and expel them. This operation increases blood flow to the cancer area, resulting in a color change associated with itchy sensations.
3-Wounds that do not heal:
A small injury or slight cut that takes a long time to heal, can be a telltale sign of cancer.
In the presence of cancer cells in the body, the immune system focuses all its efforts and resources on them to destroy them. That is, our defense mechanism prioritizes cancer on small scratches.
If you have wounds that heal very slowly, be sure to clean them to prevent infections. It is also advisable to do a blood screening as a precaution.
4-Lesions on the mouth:
Lesions or swelling that appear on the mouth, gum or throat can suggest various health problems, ranging from a simple allergic reaction to oral cancer.
If they are particularly whitish and persistent, this sign can be alarming! Difficulty or difficulty swallowing is also a sign of oral cancer.
5-Loss of appetite
The loss of appetite can be caused by various factors, including cancer. Most people with cancer have reduced appetite and are no longer attracted to food. This can be explained by changes in metabolism related to cancer.
Loss of appetite can lead to significant weight loss and problems with malnutrition. It can also cause the weakening of the immune system, which will affect the wound healing process.
6-Changes in the stool:
The consistency, color and smell of stool can tell a lot about the health of each person. If you notice an unusual and persistent change in your stool, it may be time to see a doctor.
The presence of blood in the stool is among the most common signs of colon cancer. As the tumor grows, it impedes the exit of feces, which causes bleeding on the way.
In addition, constant constipation, diarrhea lasting more than two weeks, or changes in stool color may also reveal colon cancer.
Micturition disorders can be related to two different types of cancer: bladder and prostate.
Among the most common disorders associated with these cancers are:
- Difficulty urinating
- Color changes of urination
- Presence of blood in the urine
- Urgent and frequent need to urinate
Bleeding in the nipple is linked to breast cancer.
9-Changes of voice:
If you notice a change in your voice or have been hoarse for a few weeks, you may need to worry!
These signs, if persistent, may reveal laryngeal cancer. Other signs may also be associated with this type of cancer, including: discomfort when swallowing, coughing or sore throat.
Cough often accompanies conditions such as colds or flu, but when it is intensive and persistent, it can be a sign of cancer of the lungs, throat or esophagus.
If your cough persists even if you do not have any disease that can cause it, consult a specialist to find out the exact cause.