Often asymptomatic, prostate cancer is difficult to detect during the first phase of the disease. It is only at a later stage that the symptoms begin to appear, hence the importance of carrying out regular checks to detect the disease as soon as it appears. Here are 12 symptoms of prostate cancer not to ignore!
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a gland located in the male reproductive system whose main function is to secrete a portion of seminal fluid (a component of sperm) and store it. The prostate is located in the pelvic cavity, above the perineum (near the rectum), under the bladder. It surrounds the urethra (the way in which urine and semen are evacuated). In a young adult, it is 30 mm in height and its base is 20 mm in diameter and 40 mm in transverse diameter. It weighs about 20 g and its consistency is firm and elastic.
After lung cancer, prostate cancer is the second leading cause of male death in North America after lung cancer. It is the most common cancer in men: 1 in 7 men is likely to be affected from 60 years. Most of the time, the tumor remains limited in the prostate and has minor health consequences, sometimes causing problems with urination or erection.
But some cancers can evolve, and spread more rapidly. The examination consists of a digital rectal examination followed by a blood test of specific markers (PSA). The diagnosis of prostate cancer must then be confirmed by ultrasound and / or biopsy. When detected at an early stage, it is cured in 95% of cases.
Risk factors for prostate cancer
Some studies have highlighted the connection between diet and prostate cancer. Researchers have found that people who tend to consume a lot of animal fats and dairy products are the most exposed to obesity and have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. The Mediterranean and Asian populations seem less exposed because of their diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, etc.
The 3 diseases related to the prostate
Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate that occurs most often in young adults.
Adenoma or benign prostatic hypertrophy: this is an excessive increase in the volume of the gland. The direct consequence: men have difficulty urinating because the prostate compresses the urethra.
Prostate cancer that affects men after 60 years. Detected at an early stage, it heals easily.
Here are 12 symptoms that may be related to prostate cancer:
Symptom 1: Urination problems with difficulty in standing urination
Symptom 2: frequent urges to urinate during the night
Symptom 3: Inability to start urination or hold urination when urinating
Symptom 4: Low urine output and / or inability to complete urination
Symptom 5: A burning sensation when urinating
Symptom 6: Blood in the urine
Symptom 7: Blood in Sperm
Symptom 8: ejaculation disorders
Symptom 9: pain in the hips, thighs and lower back
Symptom 10: pelvic pain (related to inflammation of the prostate)
Symptom 11: bone pain in the lower back (related to the evolution of the disease in the vertebrae)
Symptom 12: Erectile dysfunction (benign prostatic hypertrophy can cause erectile dysfunction)
Men, especially after age 60, should be alert to the symptoms listed above. Silent at first, prostate cancer significantly affects urination and sex life. Nevertheless, not all of these signs are related to prostate cancer. For example, they may be linked to benign prostatic hypertrophy or urinary tract disease.
If you notice one or more of these symptoms, consult a specialist to establish an accurate diagnosis. Also, when it evolves, prostate cancer can present symptoms identical to other diseases such as: fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, swelling of the legs and fragility of the joints, etc.