A stroke is a circulatory disorder in the brain that prevents cells in the affected area from receiving enough oxygen, which is the cause of cell death. This can have long-term effects such as paralysis and language problems. In Western countries, 1 in 600 people are affected by stroke each year. In France, it is about 150 000 individuals who are victims (1 every 4 minutes). Every year 10,000 to 15,000 people under the age of 45 have their lives turned upside down by a stroke. Women suffer from stroke more often than men and these are often fatal. This is why early detection is particularly important.
Symptoms of a stroke:
There are many signs that are precursors to a stroke. What many people do not realize is that the symptoms may be different for men and for women. On the one hand, there are classic stroke indicators, which are the same for both sexes. These are vertigo, blurred vision, language and memory problems, and numbness and paralysis on one side of the body.
On the other hand, there are specific symptoms that appear more often in women, but that are not always identified as indicators of a stroke.
These are :
- Fainting or discomfort
- Epileptic crisis
- Personality changes
Of course, all of the usual risk factors, such as obesity or smoking, apply to both women and men. Women who use hormonal contraceptives who are in the last trimester of pregnancy or who have just given birth have a higher risk of stroke.
If you notice the symptoms of a stroke, either at home or in another person, you should call the emergency room immediately or go to the hospital. Take the FAST test (Face = “Face”; Arm = “Arm”; Speech = “Word”; “Time” = Time) if you think someone has just had a stroke. This simple test recommends:
This simple test recommends:
- Smile the person who may have a stroke or ask them to show their teeth to detect possible facial paralysis (Face)
- Ask her to raise her arms in front of her (Arm)
- Make her talk, make her say “I know where I am and who I am” (Speech)
- Act fast! Every second spent, thousands of cells are destroyed (Time)
If you notice any anomaly in these steps, hurry up, every minute counts. Better a false alarm than react too late!