Women go through many changes in their lives. They are physical (weight, morphology, genital area including ovaries, etc.) but also emotional, and occur from puberty to menopause. Here is an ovarian disorder that you must know how to detect.
It is quite normal for the body to undergo these changes, and among the contributing factors: age, procreation and hormones. Every woman is unique, and the changes she undergoes will be completely different from those experienced by another.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), or Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is defined as a hormonal disorder that affects 6% to 10% of women, according to the Canadian Women’s Health Network. Symptoms often begin at the first menstrual period, but sometimes they do not appear until they are in their twenties or thirties.
PCOS is manifested by an unusual increase in the production of male hormones, androgens, in the ovaries. This disrupts the synthesis of eggs that are not produced at the time of ovulation and then turn into cysts (small pockets full of fluid). These cysts accumulate in the ovaries and sometimes increase in volume.
What promotes the appearance of this disorder?
The polycystic ovary syndrome is most prevalent in women aged 18 to 44 years, so throughout the years during which they are fertile. The exact causes of PCOS are not known, but there is the genetic or environmental factor.
Some researchers have found that a high level of insulin in the body could also be the cause of this syndrome. Insulin is the hormone used to regulate blood sugar levels, but if too much is produced, the body releases additional male hormones. It is important to know that high blood sugar levels have adverse effects on health in general: cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, certain cancers, etc.
What are the symptoms ?
It is difficult for doctors to diagnose polycystic ovarian syndrome because it manifests itself in many very different symptoms. Among them, oligomenorrhea (infrequent or irregular rules), amenorrhea (total absence of periods), polymenorrhea (very abundant menstruation), an increase in the volume of the ovaries, the appearance of small skin growths similar to raisins in the armpits or neck, browning and thickening of the skin of the neck, groin, armpits and skin folds, hair loss, acne, excessive hair growth, weight gain etc.
How to cure polycystic ovary syndrome?
Unfortunately, we can not cure it. However, there are treatments that will help restore the hormonal balance or overcome symptoms such as acne (creams, care, diet) and weight gain (sports, followed by a dietician). The women concerned must therefore closely monitor their health.
It is advisable to exercise, adopt a healthier diet, consume a lot of magnesium (preferably in natural foods such as almonds, lentils, green vegetables, etc.). And above all, be sure to consult a specialist for regular medical monitoring.